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Topic: "What learning do we all need to do for the world that is emerging?"

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Topic started by: Brian Drayton on 3/4/16

I have been working on a blog post on micro-credentialing, personalized learning, and related matters, but am forced by some recent developments to remember the context in which we are educating nowadays. First, I’m going to briefly introduce the news story that is distracting me, and then make my STEM education point, which I think has more general application.

Underneath all the Trumpery that’s filling the front pages, I reada blog post by Eric Holthaus, a meteorologist who writes for Slate.com, with what is called an “attention-grabbing” headline: “Our hemisphere’s temperature just reached a terrifying milestone.” Holthaus reflects on the emerging climate data for February, notes that for the Northern Hemisphere, for that month, it looks as though the temperature exceeded the “normal” benchmark by 2C. Of course, this is just one month, and of course it’s only half the globe, but it’s

likely the first timesince human civilization began thousands of years ago. That mark haslong been held(somewhat arbitrarily) as the point above which climate change may begin to become “dangerous” to humanity. It’s now arrivedthough very brieflymuch more quickly than anticipated.

Looking at the whole globe, the anomaly above normal could turn out (when all the data sets are verified and analyzed) to be 1.4C. At the Paris climate conference in December, nations adopted 1.5 as the most desirable ceiling of warming to strive for, since we’ve already reached 1 degree. Holthaus writes

Keep in mind that it took from the dawn of the industrial ageuntil last Octoberto reach the first 1.0 degree Celsius, and weve come as much as an extra 0.4 degrees further in just the last five months.

It has looked in recent months as though the vast quantityof heat that’s been stored in the oceans for the past few years is being released to the atmospheres, and finally affecting surface temperatures. Anomalies will be smaller than this in future months, but maybe also larger, and the trend is upwards.

For many years now, the policy world has used 2C as the upper limit of acceptable warming, and the argument has been that this is [a] achievable, and [b] likely to have manageable if unfortunate consequences (not that people are clear what “manage” might mean). Meanwhile, the world itself has been saying something different: with just a 1C anomaly, we’re seeing (not a complete list) significant weather disruptions, intrusive sea-level rise, massive loss of ice on land and sea, evidence of effects on ocean circulation, dramatic changes in seasonal patterns with consequent ecosystem responses, and possibly the beginning of irreversible melting of at least some ice sheets. All this has come far more quickly than most scientists predicted. Holthaus again:

So whats actually happening now is the liberation of nearly two decades worth of global warming energythats been stored in the oceanssince the last major El Nio in 1998…..We could now be right in the heart ofa decade or more surge in global warmingthat could kick offa series of tipping pointswith far-reaching implications on our species and the countless others we share the planet with.

This is a milestone moment for our species. Climate change deserves our greatest possible attention.

Put another way: You may well not feel it right to make climate change your main focus, because there are other important needs to address, but every one of us has to find a way to take some active role in addressing this challenge.

And this is therefore an educational problem for all of us. We talk about “life-long learning” and that’s what this will take: continuous learning byevery one of us, in an unprecedented situation. Moreover, it seems to me that (though one could make the claim for any important social need) the kind of learning needed fits best with Dewey’s notion that education is growth, a ”cumulative movement of action toward a later result” (Democracy and Education, Ch. 4. “Education as growth”), which is a multi-dimensional constructive task which increasingly one can direct purposefully, with the full knowledge that one effect of any thoughtful work is some transformation of one’s self in the transaction between ourselves and our environment:

Development… means the direction of power into special channels: the formation of habits involving executive skill, definiteness of interest, and specific objects of observation and thought…The adult uses his powers to transform his environment, thereby occasioning new stimuli which redirect his powers and keep them developing.

To respond to the climate challenge, each person needs to figure out what piece they can do, and what demands of time and re-organization this step will make. Some of this involves learning about, but some of it is learning how to, and some is social learning, as more and more we come to accept that everyone is trying to accommodate and experiment and engage in discourse about our learnings and unlearnings.

What better evidence of our educational commitments can we give, than to accept that we adults as well as children have a lot to learn, and to throw ourselves into that learning whole-heartedly (to use another Deweyan term), in a task that will engage every dimension of us as learners intellectual, moral, esthetic, physical, and social? There’s no time like the present indeed, there is “No time but this present.”


Originally posted Mar 4, 2016

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Getting this to a broader audience

posted by: Joseph Gardella on 3/5/2016 10:48 am

Hello Brian and others:

One of my main research (and K-12 STEM interests) is environmental science, engineering and public policy. So I share this concern. I wanted to thank Brian as usual for pulling together a lot of references to his opinion, and I am spreading this to my colleagues in the environmental community in WNY. I urge others to do the same, get it to your local Sierra Club leaders and others on the forefront of educating the public in the country on these issues. Lord knows that we are way behind the denial community in getting a message of information to the American Public, who are slowly changing away from the anti science message that climate change is a hoax, a fraud, just normal weather...etc.

Given the hoopla in the current Republican debates, where is the question about the candidates denying reality. Ted Cruz and Donald Trump claim human responsibility for climate change is a hoax and a fraud. Trump's tweets about it are typical of his approach to everything. He's talked to some (un-named "smart people") who say it's not true. And he's really smart because he went to the best business school.

Well, sorry for the political commentary there, this is not the place, but it puts the general issue in context of educating the public and teachers about the science so they can make informed decisions about teaching content.

Happy weekend.

Joe Gardella
Joseph A. Gardella, Jr.
SUNY Distinguished Professor and
John and Frances Larkin Professor of Chemistry
University at Buffalo, SUNY

www.buffalo.edu/~gardella

Director, Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Partnership (ISEP) with Buffalo Public Schools

http://isep.buffalo.edu
http://isep.mspnet.org