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The Primacy of Superintendent Leadership


"In the cover article for the March 2007 issue of School Administrator, Tim Waters and Robert Marzano of McREL report on the strong connection between superintendent leadership and student achievement they found in their research. They base their conclusions on a meta-analytic study of 27 research reports which comprise 4,434 ratings of superintendent leadership and achievement scores of 3.4 million students. In addition to finding a statistically significant relationship between district leadership and student achievement, Marzano and Waters identify five district-level leadership responsibilities that are significantly correlated with student academic achievement--all related to setting and keeping districts focused on teaching and learning goals."