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The Influence of Standards on K-12 Teaching and Student Learning: A Research Synthesis


"Many research and evaluation studies have addressed different aspects of K-12 standards and standards-related policies. However, only a few systematic reviews have examined evidence that the implementation of standards improves education outcomes. In general, there has been little coherence in the research and evaluation of the influence of standards. Some researchers contend that evaluations of standards-based education should consider the entire education system. Other researchers support designs that focus on the classroom, maintaining that if the system changes do not reach the classroom in the form of changes in practice then the benefits of standards-based education will not be realized."

While acknowledging that system variables are important, this research synthesis focuses on the three variables most likely to influence teacher instruction and student achievement: standards-based curriculum, standards-based instructional guidelines, and standards-based assessment.